Social workers may believe they have an instinctive grip on the legacy of emotional abuse and its intergenerational victimization and impairment of intellectual and emotional growth. Yet many direct practitioners lack the awareness of the predominance of emotional abuse in so many areas of life; the theoretical structure to link symptom manifestations to specific types of emotional abuse; or the comprehensive spectrum that subsumes these types of emotional abuse.
1. To have a greater understanding of the prevalence of emotional abuse, as well as the reasons why it has remained relatively hidden from the public eye.
2. To be able to discuss some of the major theories regarding the mechanism of abuse in general and emotional abuse in particular.
3. To be able to identify five cycles of emotional abuse and possible treatment whether in group or individual therapy or counseling.